The concept of a digital scanning system for equipment-saturated premises of reverse engineering at educational projects and startups

K.A. Mochkin, M.G. Zhabitskii, K.V. Chernenko, E.S. Lagutina, G.V. Sverdlik

Abstract


This article is the starting point in a series of works on the formation of low-budget functional tools for reverse engineering and building BIM models of existing engineering facilities based on methods of three-dimensional laser scanning from inside premises with a high degree of occupancy of equipment and engineering communications. The review of approaches to the reverse construction of information models of buildings using the survey of geometric parameters of the object with three-dimensional lidars based on digital processing of point clouds is carried out. A technical concept of a low-budget lidar measuring complex based on two-dimensional factory-ready lidars has been developed. Tasks have been set for the development of the components of the complex and its integration. The general architecture and the program of the R&D series are described. The physical and software architecture has been developed. The result of the first stage of the series - design, manufacture, and testing of a prototype of a three-dimensional laser scanning based on a two-dimensional lidar is described. The obtained point cloud was processed, and errors in its formation using the first version of the software were revealed. The identified problems, and their causes were discussed and the research and development program was adjusted.

Full Text:

PDF (Russian)

References


Rudenko Yu.M., Bogdanets E.S. The relevance of lidar imaging at this stage of the development of laser scanning // Technical sciences – from theory to practice. 2016. №5-1 (53). URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/aktualnost-lidarnoy-semki-na-dannom-etape-razvitiya-lazernogo-skanirovaniya (Accessed: 11.05.2022).

Laser scanning. —Electronic text // URL: https://sovzond.ru/services/laser-scanning / (Accessed: 12.05.2022).

Laser scanning overview. — Electronic text // URL: https://www.geo-st.ru/articles/obzor_lazernogo_skanirovaniya/ ( Accessed: 13.05.2022).

Dmitry Sergeevich Sarychev Mobile laser scanning // JSC «IndorSoft». 2013. №1 (1). URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/mobilnoe-lazernoe-skanirovanie (Accessed: 11.05.2022).

Types of 3D laser scanners. — Electronic text // URL: https://technokauf.ru/branches/promyshlennoe_stroitelstvo_modernizatsiya_i_remont/vidy_lazernykh_skanerov/#yakor_1 (Accessed: 13.05.2022).

Types of laser scanners. Principles of measurement. — Electronic text // URL: https://www.ngce.ru/pg_publications11.html (Accessed: 13.05.2022).

Scanning laser rangefinders. Electronic text // Solar Laser Systems : [сайт]. — URL: https://solarlaser.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/LIDAR-SOLARLS-2020- 10-10.pdf (Accessed: 13.05.2022).

Brylev I.S. Application of ground-based laser scanning technology to create 3D models // Stolypin Bulletin. 2022. №1. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/primenenie-tehnologii-nazemnogo-lazernogo-skanirovaniya-dlya-sozdaniya-3d-modeley (Accessed: 11.05.2022).

Seredovich V.A., Altyntsev M.A., Popov R.A. Features of application of data of various types of laser scanning in monitoring of natural and industrial objects // CJ. 2013. №. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/osobennosti-primeneniya-dannyh-razlichnyh-vidov-lazernogo-skanirovaniya-pri-monitoringe-prirodnyh-i-promyshlennyh-obektov (дата обращения: 11.05.2022).

Sharafutdinova A.A., Bryn M.Ya. Experience in the use of ground-based laser scanning and information modeling for engineering data management during the life cycle of an industrial facility // Bulletin of SGUGiT (Siberian State University of Geosystems and Technologies). 2021. №1. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/opyt-primeneniya-nazemnogo-lazernogo-skanirovaniya-i- 62 informatsionnogo-modelirovaniya-dlya-upravleniya-inzhenernymi-dannymi-v (Accessed: 11.06.2022).

Kiyamov I.K., Mingazov R.H., Muzafarov A.F., Ibragimov R.A., Sibgatullin A.A. Laser scanning technology in 3D design // Oil and Gas Exposition. 2013. №7 (32). URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/tehnologiya-lazernogo-skanirovaniya-v3d-proektirovanii (Accessed: 11.06.2022).

Yandex self-driving cars were transferred to their own lidars. Accessed //URL: https://habr.com/ru/news/t/591117/ (Accessed: 13.05.2022).

Georgios Zamanakos, Lazaros Tsochatzidis, Angelos Amanatiadis, Ioannis Pratikakis, A comprehensive survey of LIDAR-based 3D object detection methods with deep learning for autonomous driving, Computers & Graphics, Volume 99, 2021, Pages 153-181, ISSN 0097- 8493 63

Stepper Library. // Arduino : [сайт]. URL: https://www.arduino.cc/reference/en/libraries/stepper/ (Accessed: 13.06.2022)

Arduino_LSM6DS3 Library. — Electronic text // Arduino: URL: https://www.arduino.cc/reference/en/libraries/arduino_lsm6ds3/ (Accessed: 22.05.2022).

Библиотека WiFiNINA. — Electronic text // Arduino: URL: https://www.arduino.cc/reference/en/libraries/wifinina/ (Accessed: 13.06.2022).

RPLidar library. — Electronic text // GitHub: URL: https://github.com/Roboticia/RPLidar (Accessed: 13.06.2022)

Sockets in Python for beginners. — Electronic text // URL: https://habr.com/ru/post/149077/ (Accessed: 13.06.2022).

Dmitry Sergeevich Sarychev Processing of laser scanning data // JSC «IndorSoft». 2014. №1 (2). URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/obrabotka-dannyhlazernogo-skanirovaniya (Accessed: 13.05.2022).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Abava  Absolutech Convergent 2022

ISSN: 2307-8162